Erikson, Erik

Erikson, Erik
   (1902–1994)
   A psychoanalyst who said that human development continues throughout life, Erikson was born out of wedlock in Frankfurt, Germany. He never knew his birth father, but when his mother, who was Danish, married pediatrician Theodor Homburger when Erik was 3 years old, he took the name Erik Homburger. His adoptive father was Jewish, his mother Lutheran; Erik Homburger was raised as a Jew. Taunted as a schoolboy for his "Jewishness," despite his starkly Nordic features, Erik Homburger became interested from early on in "identity crises." His high school graduation in Karlsruhe represented his highest academic degree. In 1927, at the suggestion of his friend Peter Blos, Erik Homburger went to Vienna to help Blos and the American psychoanalyst Dorothy Tiffany-Burlingham (1891–1979) found a progressive school for children. There he demonstrated that he had a "knack," in his term, for dealing with children; Anna Freud became involved in the school and also analyzed Erikson (he was subsequently trained at the teaching institute of the Vienna Psychoanalytic Society). Sensing a Nazi cataclysm in the offing, in 1933 he emigrated to the United States and set himself up as a child analyst in Cambridge, Massachusetts; he also joined the Harvard medical faculty. After a sojourn at Yale University as professor at the medical school and the Institute of Human Relations, in 1938 he left for the West Coast, where he began to theorize about child development as a response to societal prompts, rather than just inwardly driven by sexuality. (In 1939, he began calling himself Erikson rather than Homburger.)
   In 1950, Erikson wrote Childhood and Society, for which he became widely celebrated, arguing that development continued throughout life in a series of eight stages— involving a "crisis" of identity in each—rather than just terminating at age 5 in some hard and fast mold. The book also helped build bridges from psychoanalysis to cultural anthropology and to social psychology. Erikson additionally became celebrated for two "psychobiographies" (a term he did not coin): Young Man Luther (1958) and Gandhi’s Truth (1969). In 1950, he left the University of California rather than sign a loyalty oath and went as senior staff member to the Austen Riggs Center in Stockbridge, Massachusetts. In 1960, he returned to Harvard as a professor of human development, retiring in 1970. Erikson was said to be the first child analyst in the United States.

Edward Shorter. 2014.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Erikson, Erik — См. Erik Erikson. Diccionario Mosby Medicina, Enfermería y Ciencias de la Salud, Ediciones Hancourt, S.A. 1999 …   Diccionario médico

  • Erikson, Erik H. — ▪ American psychoanalyst in full  Erik Homburger Erikson   born June 15, 1902, Frankfurt am Main, Ger. died May 12, 1994, Harwich, Mass., U.S.       German born American psychoanalyst whose writings on social psychology, individual identity, and… …   Universalium

  • Erikson, Erik — (b. 1902)    American psychoanalyst. Erikson was born in Frankfurt am Main and was educated at the Vienna Psychoanalytic Institute and at Harvard University. Subsequently he taught at Yale, the University of California, the University of… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • ERIKSON, ERIK HOMBERGER — (1902–1994), U.S. psychoanalyst. Born in Frankfurt, Germany, Erikson immigrated to the U.S. in 1933. He taught and did research at Harvard, Yale, and the University of California until 1951, when he joined the senior staff of the Austen Riggs… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Erikson, Erik Homburger — ▪ 1995       German born psychoanalyst (b. June 15, 1902, Frankfurt am Main, Germany d. May 12, 1994, Harwich, Mass.), profoundly influenced the study of human development with the 1950 publication of Childhood and Society, in which he divided… …   Universalium

  • Erikson, Erik H(omburger) — born June 15, 1902, Frankfurt am Main, Ger. died May 12, 1994, Harwich, Mass., U.S. German U.S. psychoanalyst. Trained in Vienna by Anna Freud, in 1933 he immigrated to the U.S., where he practiced child psychoanalysis in Boston and joined the… …   Universalium

  • Erikson, Erik H(omburger) — (15 jun. 1902, Francfort del Meno, Alemania–12 may. 1994, Harwich, Mass., EE.UU.). Psicoanalista estadounidense de origen alemán. Instruido por Anna Freud en Viena, en 1933 emigró a EE.UU., donde se desempeñó como psicoanalista infantil en Boston …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Erikson,Erik Homburger — Er·ik·son (ĕrʹĭk sən), Erik Homburger. 1902 1994. German born American psychoanalyst who proposed that people acquire mature psychosexual traits by overcoming a series of personal crises. His works include Childhood and Society (1950). * * * …   Universalium

  • Эриксон Эрик / Erikson, Erik H. — (1902 1992). Эриксон известен своими трудами по психологии развития. Он придумал термин кризис идентичности и описал жизненный цикл человека в виде последовательности восьми возрастных стадий …   Психологическая энциклопедия

  • Erik Erikson — Erik Homburger Erikson (* 15. Juni 1902 bei Frankfurt am Main; † 12. Mai 1994 in Harwich, Massachusetts, USA) war ein deutsch amerikanischer Psychoanalytiker und Vertreter der psychoanalytischen Ichpsychologie. Er gilt als Neofreudianer. Bekannt… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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